NGC 7000 North American Nebula IC 5067 Pelican Nebula

North American Nebula NGC 7000
NGC 7000 North American Nebula & IC5067 Pelican Nebula (Film Image)
Telescope / Lens Tokina/Canon 300mm f/2.8 Lens
Mount Type G11 Losmandy, Takahashi FS 78, Manual Guiding
Camera Canon F-1 with bright screen and angle B finder
 Filters 112mm UV
 Film  Kodak Elite Chrome E200, Push 1
 Exposure 15 minutes
 Processing Photoshop CS2
 Date 6-19-2004
 Location  Eagles Rest, near Dexter, Oregon 122° 43.53 W 43° 48.41′ N
 Conditions 2557′ magnitude 6.0 Skies; Clear & Steady

NGC 7000 the North American Nebula in the constellation Cygnus. This nebula is next to the star Deneb which is the tail star of the constellation Cygnus, the Swan. Next to the North American Nebula is the Pelican Nebula (IC5067). The North American Nebula is very large and visible with the naked eye from a Dark Sky site.  It is 1600 Light Years distant, 120 x 100 arcminutes, roughly 4 times the size of the full moon.     

IC 5067, the Pelican Nebula, 60 x 50 arcminutes, 1,800 light years distant.  This image was captures on film, while the camera was manually guided through a 78mm diameter (3″) telescope using an illuminated cross-hair eyepiece.

IC 5067 Nebula HaLRGB
IC 5067 Nebula HaLRGB; taken with TEC 140mm f/7 refractor & ST10xme CCD Camera
IC 5067 Ha Crop, Protostar
IC 5067 Ha Crop, Protostar

Protostar forming in IC 5067, was observed by Jerry Oltion in a 96″ telescope.  Jerry conveyed the location in IC 5067. I was able to locate and capture it with a 5.5″ refractor and st10xme CCD camera using a 9nm Ha filter on 8/17/2009 from a Dark Sky site in Oregon.  Above and below is a crop of the star form area.






Helix Nebula NGC 7293

Helix Nebula NGC 7293
Helix Nebula NGC 7293 “Eye of God”
Telescope / Lens TEC 140mm f/7
Mount Type Astro-Physics 1200
Camera ST8XME
 Filters Astro-Don LRGB
 Film  CCD – KAF 1602E 13.8 mm x 9.2 mm
 Exposure LRGB 130 minuets -20° C
 Processing CCDSoft, AIP4Win, CCDStack & Photoshop CS2
 Date 8-15-2007
 Location  June Mountain, near Dexter, Oregon 122° 43.53 W 43° 48.41′ N
 Conditions 3252′ magnitude 6.2 Skies; Clear & Steady

Helix Nebula NGC 7293, a planetary nebula in the constellation Aquarius, 714 Light years away. Discovered by Karl Ludwig in 1824. The helix Nebula formed when an intermediate low-mass star sheds it’s outer layers, leaving a remnant stellar core which will become a White Dwarf star. Helix is 25 arcminutes in diameter, the outer layer is estimated to have formed 6,500 years ago, while the inner region 12,000 years ago.

This image was taken with a 5.5 inch Tech Engineering refractor on an  Astro-Physics 1200 mount from a remote Dark Sky Site.  All the equipment had to be setup and calibrated for that location.

An SBIG (Diffraction Limited) NABG CCD Camera, color filter-wheel (CFW8a) using Astro-Don Generation 1 true balance Luminance, Red, Green & Blue filters were used to capture the light channels which were combined to form a color image.



Markarian’s Chain of Galaxies part of the Virgo Cluster

Markarian's Chain of Galaxies ; M84 (NGC 4374), M86 (NGC 4406), NGC 4477, NGC 4473, NGC 4461, NGC 4458, NGC 4438 and NGC 4435
Markarian’s Chain of Galaxies, with 8 prominent members: M84 (NGC 4374), M86 (NGC 4406), NGC 4477, NGC 4473, NGC 4461, NGC 4458, NGC 4438 and NGC 4435. Taken with 80mm TMB Refractor f/4.8 384mm. Constellation of Virgo. Also know as Virgo Cluster
Telescope / Lens TMB 80mm f/6, Tele Vue 0.8 reducer f/4.8
Mount Type Astro-Physics 1200
Camera SBIG ST10XME , KAF3200
 Filters Astro-Don LRGB Generation 2
 Film  CCD, NABG
 Exposure LRGB of 3 hours 15 minutes (L=2 hours 15 minutes.; color 60 minutes) -20° C
 Processing CCDSoft,  CCDStack & Photoshop CS6
 Date 04/20/2018
 Location  Jupiter Ridge # 4,  (OCA Anza Site)
 Conditions 4321 ′ magnitude 5.8  20.85 SQM

This Group of Galaxies form a smooth curve and is named  after the American Astrophysicist Benjamin Markarian.  He discovered the common motion of  the members  in the 1960’s.   Charles Messier discover M84 (NGC 4374) & M86 (NGC 4406) in 1781, both of which are elliptical or lenticular type galaxies.  M84 at magnitude 10 (60 Mly) and M86 at 8.9 (52 Mly).

The upper left Super Giant Elliptical Galaxy is M87, on of the most massive galaxies of the local group.  It has approximate 12,000 globular clusters compared to our Milky Way’s  150-200.